Project title: Nature-based solutions for increasing cities resilience and sustainability

Project number: PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0635

Contract No.:11/12.07.2017

Funding body: The Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI)

Budget: 834.425,00 RON

Period: 2017-2019

Cristian Ioan Ioja – Project manager
Sorin Cheval – Researcher
Mihai Razvan Nita – Researcher
Diana Andreea Onose – Researcher
Constantina Alina Hossu – Researcher
Denisa Lavinia Badiu – Researcher
Odelin Talaba – Master Student
Ana Maria Popa – Master Student


The UN Global Report on Human Settlements has warned that future synergistic relations between urbanization and environmental changes will affect the stability of the human society. Urban ecologists need to develop integrative databases, principles, concepts and tools, required to create liveable cities. Nature-based Solutions (NbS) represent the cornerstone of new urban ecology approaches, which could help the urban areas to increase their resilience to new environmental challenges and improve their sustainability. The assessment of NbS has become an important challenge for practitioners, due to the high complex relations between the components of the urban systems, the high vulnerability to climate change, and the consequences in the social-economical systems. The project aims to assess the integration, acceptance, and the efficiency of NbS in Romania’s cities and to develop a conceptual model for enhancing cities resilience and sustainability, using and adapting some cutting edge methods (i.e. Grounded Theory, Qualitative Comparative Analysis, scenarios planning).


The specific objectives of the project are:

  • Identifying categories of NBS related to cities resilience and sustainability;
  • Assessing the European, national and local policies directed toward NBS in cities;
  • Evaluating the integration of NBS in different sectors of urban environments;
  • Evaluating the acceptance of NBS in urban areas;
  • Developing a conceptual model for enhancing cities resilience and sustainability on NBS.

Expected Results:

  • publishing 3 annual reports;
  • publishing 7 papers in high priority of top-ranked journals;
  • publishing 1 book;
  • participating with 6 papers at international conferences;
  • organizing 1 workshop.

Main results



  • Badiu D.L., Iojă I.C., Hossu C.A., Onose D.A., Niță M.R., Lafortezza R. (2018), From “red” to green? Urban green infrastructure planning in a post-socialist city, Ecosystem Services Partnership Europe Regional Conference, 15-19 October 2018, San Sebastián, Spain
  • Iojă I.C. (2018) Urban Green Infrastructure in Romania, Workshop on Urban Ecology, 25-26 September 2018, Tabriz, Iran
  • Popa A.M., Iojă I.C., Onose D.A., Niță M.R., Șandric I.C., Cheval S. (2018) Evolution of the urban heat island phenomenon. Case study: Bucharest, Romania, 5th Joint Workshop Urban Remote Sensing – Challenges & Solutions, 24-26 September 2018, Bochum, Germany
  • Iojă I.C., Cârstea E., Hossu C.A., Onose D.A., Badiu D.L., Cheval S., Șandric I, Vânău G.O., Niță M.R., Popa A.M., Talabă O. (2018), Assessment of ecosystems services generated by urban lakes in Bucharest city, Ecosystem Services in Transdisciplinary Approach, 17-19 September, 2018, Poznan, Poland
  • Iojă I.C., Niță M.R.Hossu C.A., Mitincu C. (2018), An insight on the potential of the Environmental Impact Assessment procedure for promoting Nature-Based Solutions, URBIO INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE Urban Biodiversity and Food Security, 11-14 September 2018, Cape Town, Africa
  • Hossu C.A., Ioja I.C., Breuste J., Ponizy L., Mizgajski A., Onose D.A., Nita M.R. (2018), Moving at the suburbs: residents’ reasons and use of nature, IGU Thematic Conference – Practical Geography and XXI Century Challenges, 4-6 June 2018, Moscow, Russia
  • Popa A.M., Iojă I.C., Niță M.R., Onose D.A., Badiu D.L., Șandric I.C., Cheval S. (2018), Possible use of NBS for thermal stress mitigation, ELSEDIMA, 12th International Conference, 17-19 May 2018, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Badiu D.L., Ioja I.C., Niță A., Niță R.M. (2018), Disentangling the connections: a network analysis of approaches on urban green infrastructures, European Forum on Urban Forestry Conference, 15-20 May 2018, Helsinki, Finland
  • Iojă I.C., Niță M.R., (2018), Revizuirea Strategiei Naționale pentru Dezvoltare Durabilă, Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza, 16 Aprilie 2018, Iasi, Romania
  • Niță M.R., Iojă I.C., Onose D.A., Badiu D.L., Hossu C.A. (2017), Facing the urban planning upgrade – promotion of nature-based solutions in Romanian Cities, International Conference Urban Green Infrastructure – Connecting People and Nature for Sustainable Cities, 20-21 September 2017 Malmo, Sweden
  • Iojă I.C., Niță M.R., Hossu C.A,. Onose D.A., Badiu D.L. (2017), Nature-based solutions to the environmental challenges of Romania’s cities, International Conference Nature-based Solutions. From Innovation to Common-Use, 24-26 October 2017, Tallin, Estonia
  • Niță M.R. (2017), EKLIPSE Framework Report NBS – Connecting H2020 Projects, EUGIC – European Urban Green Infrastructure Conference, 29-30 November 2017, Budapest, Hungary
  • Iojă I.C., Niță M.R., Onose D.A., Hossu C.A., Badiu D.L., Considerarea soluțiilor verzi in planificarea mediului – un indicator predictibil pentru evaluarea implementării lor in mediile urbane?, “Geographical Sciences and Future of Earth“, 18-19 November 2017, Bucharest, Romania
  • Breuste J., Iojă I.C., Hossu C.A., Zwierzchowska I., Hof A., Onose D.A., Mueller C., Poniży L., Mizgajski A. (2017) Cultural ecosystem services assessment in suburban residential areas from Bucharest, Poznan and Salzburg, “Geographical Sciences and Future of Earth“, 18-19 November 2017, Bucharest, Romania
  • Workshop (organized in the framework of the project): Nature-Based Solutions for sustainable Romanian cities, 25th May 2018, Bucharest, Romania

Relevant projects submitted in different competitions

  • H-2020 – SC5-13-2018-2019: Strengthening international cooperation on sustainable urbanization; subtopic a) 2018: Strengthening EU-China collaboration WaterCity: Nature-based solutions to restore urban aquatic ecosystems for sustainable urbanization (under review in second stage – main partner).
  • ERA-NET Cofund Action WaterWorks2017 – Joint Programming Initiatives Water Challenges for a Changing World (Water JPI) – “Enhancing water monitoring for circular water management” (project application – main partner)
  • COST Application – Contribution of urban food forest to ecosystem services in urban region  FOOD4URB (main partner)

Scientific Reports