Centre for Environmental Research and Impact Studies @ University of Bucharest


GRowing Effective & Equitable Nature-based Solutions through INClusive Climate Actions (GREEN-INC)

GREEN-INC – a European research project with 6 universities and 5 partner cities.

The project will research how Inclusive Climate Actions can lead to more effective and equitable Nature-based Solutions for both communities and ecosystems. GREEN-INC aims to help European cities to implement Inclusive Climate Actions that result in a more just delivery and design of Nature-based Solutions by incorporating fairness and distributing NbS impacts as equitably as possible.

Nature-based Solutions (NbS) have multiple benefits but can reinforce urban inequalities and injustices in cities. To better account for NbS dilemmas and trade-offs, theory and practice have embraced Inclusive Climate Actions (ICAs) that simultaneously tackle climate change and urban inequalities. However, a systematic evaluation of ICAs in European cities has not yet been executed. The GREEN-INC project will assess the performance of ICAs in five European cities (Amsterdam, Bucharest, Brussels, Skellefteå, and Turin) facing different climate change impacts and rooted in various urban planning systems. Through a systematic evaluation, we will identify the institutional conditions and design principles under which ICAs help uptake NbS in different European contexts. Our research strategy consists of a comparative case study approach integrating four academic disciplines that each provide valuable perspectives on the effectiveness and social justice of ICAs. The design principles derived from these interdisciplinary assessments will be validated using digital twin technology in five living labs with local partners in the five cities. Altogether, GREEN-INC will help European cities to implement ICAs that result in a more just delivery and design of NbS by incorporating fairness and distributing NbS impacts as equitably as possible.

Financer: DUT Call 2022, Co-funded by the European Commission

Project contract: 44 from 01/04/2024

Duration: 2024-2026

Coordinator: University of Amsterdam (Jannes Willems principal investigator)

Participants (UNIBUC CCMESI):
Constantina-Alina Hossu
Mihai Razvan Nita
Ioan Cristian Ioja
Cristina Mitincu
Maria Alexandra Calota

Objective of UNIBUC CCMESI: To assess the socio-spatial justice of ICAs by mapping the intersectional climate (in)justices in communities impacted by NbS, and by evaluating the perceptions and values of professionals and communities in ICAs.

University of Amsterdam
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Université libre de Bruxelles
Luleå University of Technology
Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning, Politecnico di Torino
Asociatia InformART
Les Etats Generaux de l’eau a Bruxelles
Waternet Amsterdam
City of Turin
Skellefteå kommun

Official project website