Project title: Nature-based solutions for increasing cities resilience and sustainability

Project number: PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0635

Contract No.:11/12.07.2017

Funding body: The Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI)

Budget: 834.425,00 RON

Period: 2017-2019

Cristian Ioan Ioja – Project manager
Sorin Cheval – Researcher
Mihai Razvan Nita – Researcher
Diana Andreea Onose – Researcher
Constantina Alina Hossu – Researcher
Denisa Lavinia Badiu – Researcher
Odelin Talaba – Master Student
Ana Maria Popa – Master Student


The UN Global Report on Human Settlements has warned that future synergistic relations between urbanization and environmental changes will affect the stability of the human society. Urban ecologists need to develop integrative databases, principles, concepts and tools, required to create liveable cities. Nature-based Solutions (NbS) represent the cornerstone of new urban ecology approaches, which could help the urban areas to increase their resilience to new environmental challenges and improve their sustainability. The assessment of NbS has become an important challenge for practitioners, due to the high complex relations between the components of the urban systems, the high vulnerability to climate change, and the consequences in the social-economical systems. The project aims to assess the integration, acceptance, and the efficiency of NbS in Romania’s cities and to develop a conceptual model for enhancing cities resilience and sustainability, using and adapting some cutting edge methods (i.e. Grounded Theory, Qualitative Comparative Analysis, scenarios planning).


The specific objectives of the project are:

  • Identifying categories of NBS related to cities resilience and sustainability;
  • Assessing the European, national and local policies directed toward NBS in cities;
  • Evaluating the integration of NBS in different sectors of urban environments;
  • Evaluating the acceptance of NBS in urban areas;
  • Developing a conceptual model for enhancing cities resilience and sustainability on NBS.

Expected Results:

  • publishing 3 annual reports;
  • publishing 7 papers in high priority of top-ranked journals;
  • publishing 1 book;
  • participating with 6 papers at international conferences;
  • organizing 1 workshop.

Main results


  • Nita M.R., Badiu D., Nita A., Ioja I.C. (2018) Disentangling the connections: a network analysis of approaches on urban green infrastructures, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening (under review)
  • Vierikko K., Gonçalves P., Haase D., Elands B., Ioja I.C., Puttonen M., Pieniniemi M., Lindgren J., Grilo F., Santos-Reis M., Niemela J., Yli-Pelkonen V. (2018) Lived biocultural diversity in European parks – do public parks concurrently support interrelationships between people and nature? Urban Forestry & Urban Greening (under review)
  • Breuste J., Ioja I.C., Hossu C.A., Onose D.A., Vrinceanu A., Ponizy L., Mizgajski A., Zwierzchowska I., Kryger R. (2018) Urban nature: perceptions and use in suburban residential areas from Central European cities, Landscape and Urban Planning, (under review)
  • Badiu D.L., Onose D.A., Niță M.R., Lafortezza, R. (2018) From “red” to green? A look into the evolution of green spaces in a post-Socialist city, Landscape and Urban Planning, (under review)
  • Zwierzchowska I., Hof A., Ioja I.C., Mueller C., Ponizy L., Breuste J., Mizgajski A. (2018) Multi-Scale Assessment of Cultural Ecosystem Services of Parks in Central European Cities, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 30, 84-97
  • Artmann M., Kohler M., Meinel G., Gan J., Ioja I.C. (2017), How smart growth and green infrastructure can mutually support each other — A conceptual framework for compact and green cities. Ecological Indicators, In Press, Corrected Proof
  • Artmann M., Chen X., Ioja I.C., Hof A., Onose D., Ponizy L., Lamovsek A.Z., Breuste J. (2017), The role of urban green spaces in care facilities for elderly people across European cities, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 27, 203-213


  • Hossu C.A., Ioja C.I., Breuste J., Ponizy L., Mizgajski A., Onose D.A., Nita M.R. (2018), Moving at the suburbs: residents’ reasons and use of nature, IGU Thematic Conference – Practical Geography and XXI Century Challenges, 4-6 June 2018, Moscow, Russia
  • Badiu D.L., Ioja C.I., Niță A., Niță R.M. (2018), Disentangling the connections: a network analysis of approaches on urban green infrastructures, European Forum on Urban Forestry Conference, 15-20 May, Helsinki, Finland.
  • Niță M.R., Iojă I.C., Onose D.A., Badiu D.L., Hossu C.A. (2017), Facing the urban planning upgrade – promotion of nature-based solutions in Romanian Cities, International Conference Urban Green Infrastructure – Connecting People and Nature for Sustainable Cities, 20-21 September, Malmo, Sweden
  • Iojă I.C., Niță M.R., Hossu C.A,. Onose D.A., Badiu D.L. (2017), Nature-based solutions to the environmental challenges of Romania’s cities, International Conference Nature-based Solutions. From Innovation to Common-Use, 24-26 October 2017, Tallin, Estonia
  • Niță M.R. (2017), EKLIPSE Framework Report NBS – Connecting H2020 Projects, EUGIC – European Urban Green Infrastructure Conference, 29-30 November 2017, Budapest, Hungary
  • Iojă I.C., Niță M.R., Onose D.A., Hossu C.A., Badiu D.L., Considerarea soluțiilor verzi in planificarea mediului – un indicator predictibil pentru evaluarea implementării lor in mediile urbane?, “Geographical Sciences and Future of Earth“, 18-19 November 2017, Bucharest, Romania
  • Breuste J., Iojă I.C., Hossu C.A., Zwierzchowska I., Hof A., Onose D.A., Mueller C., Poniży L., Mizgajski A. (2017) Cultural ecosystem services assessment in suburban residential areas from Bucharest, Poznan and Salzburg, “Geographical Sciences and Future of Earth“, 18-19 November 2017, Bucharest, Romania